Anal Cancer Prevention
Although some people with anal cancer have no risk factors, there are steps that men and women can take to help reduce their risk for the disease. The most effective prevention method is to avoid HPV infection through an HPV vaccine. Using condoms can reduce risk, but cannot eliminate it completely due to the possibility of skin contact. Treating HIV can help control the infection and lower the risk for developing anal cancer. Since smokers face an increased risk, avoiding tobacco greatly reduces risk.
Anal Cancer Treatment
Anal cancer is a very treatable cancer, especially if identified in the early stages. Treatment options vary depending on how advanced the cancer is and if it has spread to other parts of the body. Physicians will determine the most appropriate treatment for each patient, but potential treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and palliative care. A combination of two or more of these treatments may be used to provide the best chance of disease control.