There are no known ways to prevent the development of a bone or soft-tissue sarcoma. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle and getting regular check-ups are the best ways to reduce the risk for developing all forms of cancer.
Once a sarcoma is diagnosed, the treatment plan will be based on type, location, and stage of the cancer, as well as the patient’s overall health and individual goals. Surgery may be an option, depending on the cancer’s location and stage. For soft tissue sarcoma, tissue is sometimes removed even if the disease has spread to other areas. Chemotherapy or radiation therapy may be used to shrink the tumor before surgery. Following surgery, patients may receive radiation therapy or chemotherapy to improve the chances of eliminating all tumor cells. Proton therapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, and palliative medicine may also be treatment options. Patients with sarcoma are usually treated by a multidisciplinary team including surgical oncology or orthopedic oncology, medical oncology, radiation oncology and palliative care. Enrollment into clinical trials may also be considered.