Taking proactive measures to limit risk factors can decrease the incidence of liver cancer. To reduce the risk of liver cancer, men and women should avoid tobacco and limit alcohol use, maintain a healthy weight, avoid exposure to certain chemicals and toxins, and seek early treatment for viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, fatty liver disease and other diseases that increase risk. It is also important to prevent contact with the hepatitis B and C viruses as best as possible. The hepatitis B virus vaccination is recommended for all infants, children, and high-risk adults.
Treatment options vary, depending on the liver’s condition, the age and overall health of the patient, and the size, location, and stage of the cancerous tumor. Treatment for liver cancer may include a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, cryosurgery, proton therapy, radiofrequency ablation, tumor embolization, or palliative medicine. In rare cases, a liver transplant may be appropriate.