Prostate Cancer Statistics
- One in nine men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in his lifetime.
- One in 41 men will die from the disease, making it the second most common cause of cancer death in men.
- In 2019, 174,650 new cases of prostate cancer will be diagnosed in the United States, with 31, 620 deaths.
- In Texas, an estimated 13,995 new cases of prostate cancer will be diagnosed in 2019, and 2,084 men will die from the disease.
You do not need a doctor’s referral to be seen at Texas Center for Proton Therapy.
Prostate Cancer Risk Factors
- Age: Men age 65 and older account for about 60 percent of all prostate cancer cases diagnosed. The likelihood of developing prostate cancer increases after age 50.
- Family History: Men with close relatives (father or brother) who have had prostate cancer are more than twice as likely to develop the disease.
- Race: African Americans have the highest rate of prostate cancer in the United States and are twice as likely to die from the disease as Caucasians.
- Genetic Factors: A gene mutation on BRCA-1 or BRCA-2 or having Lynch syndrome may denote an increased risk, but it is only a small percentage of cases.
- Diet: Men who consume high amounts of red meat or high-fat dairy products and few fruits and vegetables have a higher risk of prostate cancer.
Prostate Cancer Symptoms and Signs
The following may be symptoms of prostate cancer but could be linked to other health conditions. If these symptoms are present, men are encouraged to consult their physician for proper testing:
- Weak or interrupted urine flow
- Sudden urge to urinate
- Difficulty controlling urination
- Painful or burning urination
- Blood in urine or semen
- Pain or pressure in rectum
- Frequent pain or stiffness in spine, pelvis, hips, ribs, upper thighs, and other bones
- Painful ejaculation
- Decrease in amount of fluid ejaculated
- Frequent urination, especially at night
- Difficulty having an erection
- Difficulty fully emptying bladder
- Weakness or numbness in legs or feet
Prostate Cancer Treatment
Prostate cancer may be treated by different members of the cancer care team. Treatment options vary depending on how advanced the cancer is and if it has spread to other body parts. Physicians will determine the most appropriate treatment for each patient, including surveillance, surgery, radiation therapy, proton therapy, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, vaccine treatment, bone-directed treatment, immunotherapy, and cryotherapy.
Dr. Andrew Lee and his former patient, Dr. Mark Vaccaro, a radiologist, talk about the benefits of proton therapy for prostate cancer and how Dr. Vaccaro came to the conclusion that proton therapy was the right treatment option for his diagnosis.